Type 1 Diabetes
The causes of Type 1 diabetes appear to be much different than those for Type 2 diabetes, though the exact mechanisms for development of both diseases are unknown. The appearance of Type 1 diabetes is suspected to follow exposure to an "environmental trigger," such as an unidentified virus, stimulating an immune attack against the beta cells of the pancreas (that produce insulin) in some genetically predisposed people. Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes
Lack of insulin production by the pancreas makes Type 1 diabetes particularly difficult to control. Treatment requires a strict regimen that typically includes a carefully calculated diet, planned physical activity, home blood glucose testing several times a day, and multiple daily insulin injections.